The counties were further subdivided into hundreds (sometimes
known as rapes, lathes or as wapentakes), which
also were largely unchanged throughout the entire period. The origin of
the word "hundred" is unclear
- did it refer to a piece of land which comprised one hundred hides (a
hide being approximately 120
acres; an acre is equal to approximately the size of 2 football pitches,
120x80 yards.)? Or did it refer to
the hundred moot, where one hundred of the men of the area would come
together to discuss the affairs
of their part of the county?
In 1889 the subdivisions of the counties changed by the
creation of urban and rural authorities.
Later still, Surrey was lobotomized by having the whole of the north east
region amputated and put
into London. The rest of the county has reverted to local areas, similar
to the old hundreds.
In Surrey there were 14 hundreds, which were geographically
of similar size, particularly in the
south of the county. The exception is the Effingham hundred which some
have called a
"half hundred". The hundreds nowadays have very different sizes
of population. For example, the
Brixton Hundred now has a million people and 300 schools; the Wotton Hundred,
by contrast, only
contains 17 schools.
Tandridge and Elmbridge have retained their ancient names,
although the areas are slightly different;
Waverley in the south west covers roughly what used to be Farnham, Godalming
Brixton has split up into Southwark, Lambeth, Wandsworth, Merton and parts
of Kingston and Richmond.